the five factor model. Trait theories provide information about people and about which traits cause which behaviors; however, there is no indication as to why these traits interact in the way that they. Numerous studies have found a positive correlation between conscientiousness and academic success. Individuals high in conscientiousness prefer planned rather than spontaneous behavior and are often organized, hardworking, and dependable. These trait forms are unique from one individual to another. According to him, there are three classes of traits.
Central Traits, unlike cardinal traits, central traits are ones that make up your personality. Criticisms of the Five Factor Model Critics of the trait approach argue that the patterns of variability over different situations are crucial to determining personalitythat averaging over such situations to find an overarching trait masks critical differences among individuals. Easy-going/careless) This trait refers to ones tendency toward self-discipline, dutifulness, competence, thoughtfulness, and achievement-striving (such as goal-directed behavior). These include common traits such as intelligent, shy, honest. Secure/confident) High neuroticism is characterized by the tendency to experience unpleasant emotions, such as anger, anxiety, depression, or vulnerability. Gordon Allports Trait Theory, psychologist Gordon Allport was among the firsts to come up with a personality trait theory. Gordon Allport organized traits into a hierarchy of three levels: cardinal traits, central traits, and secondary traits. The Big Five Personality Traits Openness to Experience (inventive/curious. He further identified the closely related terms and the final list was prepared of 16 basic source traits. The five factor model was reached independently by several different psychologists over a number of years. ExtraversionIntroversion : This image is an example of a personality trait.